Moon Mission History
 
All manned and unmanned missions to Earth's satellite, between 1958 and the present, by the USA, USSR, Russian Federation, India, Japan, China, and the European Union.  Last updated: July 2019.  Total attempts: 120  Successful: 68
Missions noted as "Failed" indicate that the INTENT of the mission was not fulfilled. While it can be said that some US and Russian crafts returned valuable data or photographs before crash or communication loss, this list is based strictly on ORIGINAL MISSION OBJECTIVE.
 

 
The United States of America : National Aeronautics and Space Administration
 
01. 1958 Pioneer Failure Lunar Orbiter
02. 1958 Pioneer 1 Failure Lunar Orbiter
03. 1958 Pioneer 2 Failure Lunar Orbiter
04. 1958 Pioneer 3 Failure Lunar Flyby
05. 1959 Pioneer 4 SUCCESS Lunar Flyby
06. 1959 Pioneer P-1 Failure Lunar Orbiter
07. 1959 Pioneer P-3 Failure Lunar Flyby
08. 1960 Pioneer P-30 Failure Lunar Orbiter
09. 1960 Pioneer P-31 Failure Lunar Orbiter
10. 1962 Ranger 3* Failure Lunar Lander *(R1/R2 - Failed orbital feasibility)
11. 1962 Ranger 4 Failure Lunar Lander
12. 1962 Ranger 5 Failure Lunar Lander
13. 1964 Ranger 6 Failure Lunar Impactor
14. 1964 Ranger 7 SUCCESS Lunar Impactor
15. 1965 Ranger 8 SUCCESS Lunar Impactor
16. 1965 Ranger 9 SUCCESS Lunar Impactor + Live Broadcast
17. 1966 Surveyor 1 SUCCESS Lunar Lander
18. 1966 Orbiter 1 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
19. 1966 Surveyor 2 Failure  Lunar Lander
20. 1966 Orbiter 2 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
21. 1967 Orbiter 3 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
22. 1967  Surveyor 3 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
23. 1967  Orbiter 4 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
24. 1967  Surveyor 4 Failure  Lunar Lander
25. 1967 Explorer 35 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
26. 1967  Orbiter 5 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
27. 1967  Surveyor 5 SUCCESS Lunar Lander
28. 1967  Surveyor 6 SUCCESS Lunar Lander
29. 1968 Surveyor 7 SUCCESS Lunar Lander
30. 1968 Apollo 8 SUCCESS First Manned Lunar Orbit
31. 1969 Apollo 10 SUCCESS Manned Lunar Orbiter
32. 1969 Apollo 11 SUCCESS  First Manned Lunar Landing
33. 1969 Apollo 12 SUCCESS Manned Lunar Landing
34. 1970 Apollo 13 Failure Manned Lunar Landing
35. 1971 Apollo 14 SUCCESS  Manned Lunar Landing
36. 1971 Apollo 15 SUCCESS Manned Lunar Landing + First Manned Rover
37. 1971 Apollo 15 Sub-Satellite PFS-1 SUCCESS Lunar "Frozen Orbit"
38. 1972 Apollo 16 SUCCESS  Manned Lunar Landing + Manned Rover
39. 1972 Apollo 16 Sub-Satellite PFS-2 SUCCESS  Unstable Lunar Orbit
40. 1972 Apollo 17 SUCCESS  Manned Lunar Landing + Manned Rover
41. 1973 Explorer 49 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter for Radio Astronomy
42. 1994 Clementine SUCCESS  Lunar Orbiter + Mapper
43. 1998 Prospector SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter + Mapper
44. 2009 Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter STILL IN FLIGHT LRO Currently conducting 3D Mapping
45. 2009 LCROSS SUCCESS Lunar Crater Observation + Sensing Satellite
46. 2010 Artemis : THEMIS-B & C SUCCESS Orbiter Flybys
47. 2011 Gravity Recovery & Interior Lab SUCCESS GRAIL-A ("Ebb") and GRAIL-B ("Flow")
48. 2013 LADEE SUCCESS Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer
49. 2013 TESS SUCCESS Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (Gravity Assist)
50. 2019 Moon Express / Lunar Scout Scheduled International Lunar Laboratory
51. 2020 Artemis-1 Scheduled Uncrewed Orion Lunar Flyby
52. 2022 Artemis-2 Scheduled Free-return trajectory around Moon
53. 2023 Unnamed Lunar Rover Scheduled Robotic Landing
 
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : Soviet Space Program 
 
01. 1958 Luna 1958A Failure  Lunar Impactor
02. 1958 Luna 1958B Failure  Lunar Impactor
03. 1959 Luna 1958C Failure  Lunar Impactor
04. 1959 Luna 1 ("Mechta") Failure  Lunar Impactor
05. 1959 Luna 1959A Failure  Lunar Impactor
06. 1959 Luna 2 SUCCESS First to impact another celestial body
07. 1959 Luna 3 SUCCESS Lunar Flyby + FIRST Photographs
08. 1960 Luna 1960A Failure Lunar Flyby
09. 1960 Luna 1960B Failure Lunar Flyby
10. 1963 Sputnik 25 Failure Lunar Lander
11. 1963 Luna 1963B Failure Lunar Lander
12. 1963 Luna 4 Failure Lunar Orbiter
13. 1964 Luna 1964A Failure Lunar Lander
14. 1964 Luna 1964B Failure Lunar Lander
15. 1965 Kosmos 60 Failure Lunar Lander
16. 1965 Luna 1965A Failure Lunar Lander
17. 1965 Luna 5 Failure Lunar Lander
18. 1965 Luna 6 Failure Lunar Lander
19. 1965 Zond 3 SUCCESS Lunar Flyby
20. 1965 Luna 7 Failure Lunar Lander
21. 1965 Luna 8 Failure Lunar Lander
22. 1966 Luna 9 SUCCESS First Lander on the Moon
23. 1966 Kosmos 111 Failure Lunar Flyby
24. 1966 Luna 10 SUCCESS First to orbit the moon
25. 1966 Luna 11 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
26. 1966 Luna 12 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
27. 1966 Luna 13 SUCCESS Lunar Lander
28. 1967 Zond 1967A Failure Lunar Flyby + Return
29. 1967 Zond 1967B Failure Lunar Flyby + Return
30. 1968 Luna 1968A Failure Lunar Orbiter
31. 1968 Luna 14 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
32. 1968 Zond 5 SUCCESS Lunar Flyby and first return to Ocean
33. 1968 Zond 6 SUCCESS Lunar Flyby and first return to Earth
34. 1969 Zond 1969A Failure Lunar Flyby + Return
35. 1969 Luna 1969A Failure Lunar Rover
36. 1969 Zond L1S-1 Failure Lunar Orbiter
37. 1969 Luna 1969B Failure Lunar Sampler
38. 1969 Luna1969C Failure Lunar Sampler
39. 1969 Luna 15 Failure Lunar Sampler
40. 1969 Zond 7 SUCCESS Lunar Flyby + Return
41. 1969 Kosmos 300 Failure Lunar Sampler
42. 1969 Kosmos 305 Failure Lunar Sampler
43. 1970 Luna 1970A Failure Lunar Lander
44. 1970 Luna 16 SUCCESS First robotic landing + Return
45. 1970 Zond 8 SUCCESS Lunar Flyby + Return
46. 1970 Luna 17  SUCCESS Lunar Rover
47. 1971 Luna 18 Failure Lunar Lander
48. 1971 Luna 19 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
49. 1972 Luna 20 SUCCESS Robotic Sampler + Return
50. 1972 Soyuz L3 Failure Lunar Orbiter + Test Vehicle
51. 1973 Luna 21 SUCCESS Lunar Rover
52. 1974 Luna 22 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
53. 1974 Luna 23 Failure Lunar Sampler + Return
54. 1975 Luna 1975A Failure Lunar Sampler + Return
55. 1976 Luna 24 SUCCESS Lunar Sampler + Return
 
 
The Russian Federation : Russian Space Agency (RSA) / Roskosmos
 
01. 2021 Luna Glob ("Sphere") / Luna 25 Scheduled Lunar Lander
02. 2022 Luna Glob ("Sphere") / Luna 26 Scheduled Orbiter
03. 2023 Luna Glob ("Sphere") / Luna 26 Scheduled Lunar Lander
 
 
The European Union : European Space Agency (E
 
01. 2003 SMART-1 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter (Ion Solar-Electric Engine)
 
 
Japan : Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
 
01. 1990 Hiten / Muses A  SUCCESS Lunar Trajectory Test Orbiter
02. 1990 Hagoromo Failure Lunar Orbiter released by Hiten
03. 2007 Kaguya / Selene SUCCESS Orbiter + First HDTV Camera
04. 2007 Okina SUCCESS  Relay Satellite released by Selene
05. 2007 Ouna SUCCESS VLBI  Satellite released by Selene
06. 2021 SLIM Scheduled Developing pinpoint landing + rover
07. 2022 Destiny Scheduled Lunar flyby toward asteroid
 
 
The People's Republic of China : China National Space Administration (CNSA)
 
01. 2007 Chang'e 1 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
02. 2010 Chang'e 2 SUCCESS Orbiter + Impactor
03. 2013 Chang'e 3 SUCCESS Lander + Deployed Yutu Rover
04. 2014 Chang'e 5 T1 SUCCESS Flyby / Capsule Demo - Also deployed M4 probe
05. 2018 Queqiao SUCCESS Gravity Assist / L2 Orbit
06. 2018 Longjiang-1 Failure Lunar Orbiter
07. 2018 Longjiang-2 SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter
08. 2018 Chang'e 4 SUCCESS [partial] Lander + Deployed Yutu-2 Rover
09.  2019 Chang'e 5 Scheduled Sample Return Mission from Lunar Crater
07. 2020 Chang'e 6 Scheduled Sample Return Mission from Lunar Pole
 
 
The Republic of India : Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
 
01. 2008 Chandrayaan-1 + Impact Probe SUCCESS Lunar Orbiter MIP / Late failure of instrumentation
02. 2019 Chandrayaan-2 Proposed  Orbiter + Lander + Rover
 
SPACE IL : Tel Aviv University, Israel  + Israeli Space Organisation (ISO)
 
01. 2019 Beresheet Failure Lunar Orbiter + Lander